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Tuesday, June 26, 2007

【CIAは如何にして法律を破ったか・・・過去30年間の機密文章を一挙に情報公開】

CIA documents show how it broke law (CNN.COM)

CIAが30年以上遡って、かなりキワドイ内容の機密文章を一挙に公開した。

• CIA documents details activities 30 years ago
• Almost 700 pages of material to be declassified
• Activities included assassination plans, illegal wiretaps

WASHINGTON (AP) -- Little-known documents now being made public detail illegal and scandalous activities by the CIA more than 30 years ago: wiretapping of journalists, kidnappings, warrantless searches and more.

The documents provide a glimpse of nearly 700 pages of materials that the agency plans to declassify next week. A six-page summary memo that was declassified in 2000 and released by The National Security Archive at George Washington University on Thursday outlines 18 activities by the CIA that "presented legal questions" and were discussed with President Ford in 1975.

Among them:

  • The "two-year physical confinement" in the mid-1960s of a Soviet defector.
  • Assassination plots of foreign leaders, including Fidel Castro.
  • CIA wiretapping in 1963 of two columnists, Robert Allen and Paul Scott, following a newspaper column in which national security information was disclosed. The wiretapping revealed calls from 12 senators and six representatives but did not indicate the source of the leak.
  • The "personal surveillances" in 1972 of muckraking columnist Jack Anderson and staff members, including Les Whitten and Brit Hume. The surveillance involved watching the targets but no wiretapping. The memo said it followed a series of "tilt toward Pakistan" stories by Anderson.
  • The personal surveillance of Washington Post reporter Mike Getler over three months beginning in late 1971. No specific stories are mentioned in the memo.
  • CIA screening programs, beginning in the early 1950s and lasting until 1973, in which mail coming into the United States was reviewed and "in some cases opened" from the Soviet Union and China.
  • いわゆる「FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT (FOIA)」(情報公開法)に基づいて今回公開された資料のパッケージには二種類ある。

    CIA Releases Two Collections of Historical Documents (CIA.GOV)

    Two significant collections of previously classified historical documents are now available in the CIA's FOIA Electronic Reading Room

    The first collection, widely known as the "Family Jewels," consists of almost 700 pages of responses from CIA employees to a 1973 directive from Director of Central Intelligence James Schlesinger asking them to report activities they thought might be inconsistent with the Agency's charter.

    The second collection, the CAESAR-POLO-ESAU papers, consists of 147 documents and 11,000 pages of in-depth analysis and research from 1953 to 1973. The CAESAR and POLO papers studied Soviet and Chinese leadership hierarchies, respectively, and the ESAU papers were developed by analysts to inform CIA assessments on Sino-Soviet relations.

    カストロの暗殺計画や、ジャーナリストなど個人に対する違法な盗聴活動、令状の無い捜査、etc.・・・・。

    まるで映画のプロットそのもののような記録の数々。CIAにとっては”恥ずべき過去”だろうし、出来れば隠しておきたかっただろうと思うけれど、あくまで「過去の歴史の一部」という位置づけで情報公開に踏み切ったという。

    ただし、内容はいずれも既に「公知の事実」と成っているトピックスばかりで、研究家にとっては驚くに値しないものばかりかも知れない。

    がしかし、まさに「噂の真相」じゃないけど、多くの人が今までCIAに対して抱いてきた印象や懸念を裏付けるものと成っている。

    果たしてこれは過去のCIAへの決別宣言なのか?

    それは分からないけど、批判を受けることを承知で情報公開に踏み切ったCIAの真の目的はどこにあるのだろうか?

    June 26, 2007 in Media, Politics | Permalink

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